Diabetes refers to a group of diseases that are divided into 3 main types. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a disorder associated with high blood sugar level. Blood sugar also known as blood glucose is the main source of energy for the cell to create new tissues and muscles. The effects of diabetes in men predispose them to a serious health problem. Classical signs and symptoms of diabetes include Polyuria (frequent urination), Polydipsia (excessive thirst) and Polyphagia (increased hunger). Other serious signs of diabetes are diabetic retinopathy (blurred vision), diabetic neuropathy (numbness of the extremities), diabetic nephropathy (progressive kidney disease), poor wound healing and erectile dysfunction (ED). How diabetes results to erectile dysfunction? It damages the blood vessels responsible for proper blood flow to the penis. As a result, men find difficult to achieve and maintain an erection. In severe cases, diabetes leads to ED and impotence.
Here’s a brief rundown on the three major types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes ( also known as Juvenile Diabetes or Insulin-dependent Diabetes)
This type of diabetes affects younger population under the age of 40. Viruses, diet and genetic predisposition are causes of DM. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system attacks insulin producing beta cells in the pancreas. People suffering from juvenile diabetes have regular shots of synthetic insulin to compensate the lack of insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes (also known as Adult-onset Diabetes or Noninsulin-dependent Diabetes)
This type of diabetes is a late onset and most common among adults. It affects 85-90% of total diabetes cases. DM type 2 has genetic origins but can also appear as a result of poor lifestyle, overweight and poor diet. Patients having type 2 diabetes have greater chances of cardiovascular diseases. On the hand, not all patient with type 2 diabetes requires daily doses of insulin. Although, insulin injections are necessary if the disease progresses. Adult-onset diabetes could be managed through diet changes, routine exercise and oral medications.
Gestational Diabetes ( also known as Carbohydrate Intolerance)
Gestational Diabetes (GDM) is a less common type of diabetes that affects pregnant women. Women with a family history of diabetes, ethnic predisposition or obesity have the highest risk of developing GDM. GDM could be a temporary condition with many women returning to normal carbohydrate tolerance after birth. However, the baby may suffer from hyperinsulinemia with higher chances of developing obesity and diabetes later in life.
Therefore, proper diet and exercise are essential to reverse the effects of DM and lessen symptoms of diabetes.